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How COVID-19 Complicates Vietnam’s South China Sea Attempts – 90xtra

Vietnamese Key Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc, still left, and his personnel get ready paperwork in advance of the Specific ASEAN summit on COVID-19 in Hanoi, Vietnam Tuesday, April 14, 2020.

Credit score: AP Image/Hau Dinh


2020 is a essential year for Vietnam’s diplomatic good results — and the moment looked to be a promising a single, with Hanoi holding the rotating chair of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). However, the COVID-19 pandemic has altered the game.

As of August 7, Vietnam experienced reported a complete of 784 COVID-19 circumstances, of which 395 folks have recovered. The Southeast Asian country recorded 10 deaths from COVID-19, after averting any fatalities until finally July 31. While this sort of figures even now position Vietnam as a person of the world’s most prosperous nations around the world in preventing COVID-19, the current fatalities complicate Hanoi’s diplomatic efforts.

Following getting the rotating ASEAN chairmanship from Thailand, Vietnam targeted on staying a bridge between ASEAN’s associates, as well as among with ASEAN and exterior powers, in unsure periods. As Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc put it at the ASEAN Summit in Bangkok in November: “In 2020, we want to concentrate on strengthening ASEAN’s sustainable cohesion by upholding solidarity and unity, rising financial back links and connectivity, deepening values and identities of ASEAN members, bettering the performance of the ASEAN apparatus, and advertising and marketing ASEAN partnerships in the international local community.”

Vietnam’s top function in ASEAN also benefits Hanoi’s interests in the South China Sea. The nation has been striving to force forward negotiations for the Code of Carry out (COC) this calendar year. A legally binding COC would play a important job for Vietnam and the location in common, as China retains playing for time and at the identical time accelerating its ambition to get command more than the South China Sea.

If purchasing time is China’s goal, COVID-19 will help. On June 26, the 36th ASEAN Summit was forced to be held on the internet thanks to issues over the pandemic. And the recent situation is envisioned to terribly influence Vietnam’s endeavours to manage a experience-to-encounter ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), as nicely as the East Asia Summit (EAS). In an interesting twist, Da Nang, the town selected to host the 36th ASEAN Summit, is now Vietnam’s coronavirus epicenter. As a end result, Vietnam is trying to find approaches to make sure that the ARF and EAS summits would be held in particular person in the following four months.

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The disruption because of to COVID-19 has led to speculations more than the chance of Vietnam trying to find an extra yr as ASEAN chair. But so much, it is recognized that Hanoi has no intention of performing so. Rather, Vietnam’s management is trying to get to keep on its multilateral diplomacy and diversification strategy.

Multilateral diplomacy is in all probability the greatest point for Vietnam at the existing. And it is effective. Vietnam has gained notable favourable results about the previous months, including the elevation of Vietnam-New Zealand relations to a strategic partnership, declared by Primary Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc and his New Zealand counterpart Jacinda Ardern on July 22. In the joint assertion resulting from their talks, Vietnam and New Zealand also described the South China Sea and the 1982 United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Following the elevation of bilateral relations with New Zealand, Vietnam had extra great information from Australia, as Canberra publicly turned down China’s South China Sea statements in a notice verbale submitted to the Fee on the Boundaries of the Continental Shelf (CLSC).

To Vietnam, interactions with New Zealand and Australia remind it of the “Quad Plus,” a strategy that was cited by Indian media just after a virtual convention that centered on the coronavirus pandemic in April. The teleconference incorporated the participation of the “Quad” (the United States, India, Japan, and Australia) and the “Plus” international locations (Vietnam, New Zealand, and South Korea). The Vietnamese media tends to link the “Quad Plus” to a different however-to-be-verified program built by the United States dubbed as the “Economic Prosperity Community,” which is stated to target on eliminating world industrial source chains from China. On that entrance, Reuters has cited a assertion of U.S. Secretary of Point out Mike Pompeo, who claimed that the U.S. govt is operating with Australia, India, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea and Vietnam to “move the worldwide financial system forward.”


Amid the COVID-19 disaster, alternatively of escalating tensions with China, Vietnam’s silent method is now apparent: having edge of its attractive geopolitical position to go after its very own nationwide interests.

Du Nhat Dang is a Vietnamese reporter who works for Tuoi Tre newspaper in Vietnam. He graduated from the School of Journalism and Communication, University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Ho Chi Minh Metropolis. He is a fellow at the Reporting ASEAN program, which supports content about ASEAN.